Struggling with insomnia can wreak havoc on your physical and mental well-being, pushing you to seek out ways to sleep better. In particularly bad cases, though, your physician may prescribe medication to help you fall asleep.
While prescription sleep aids are designed to be a temporary solution, what happens if you become addicted to them? Health experts warn that these pills could result in serious health complications.
We will cover how to get off sleeping pills, along with helpful tips on how you can improve your rest without the use of medication.
Dependence On Sleeping Pills
Sleeping pills come in several different forms, but if you take benzodiazepines or z-drugs1 for sleep (such as Xanax® or Ambien®, respectively), it’s important to be aware of the potential of developing a sleeping pill dependency.
A sleeping pill dependency can occur if you take these classes of sleeping pills for too long or in too high of a dose.1 Dependency can manifest in different forms. Some people may find that they “outgrow” certain doses and will require higher and higher doses of sleeping pills in order to get some sleep.
More serious forms of dependency can turn into a sleeping pill addiction, which may emerge as substance abuse or a substance use disorder2. An addiction is a “state of psychological or physical dependence (or both) on the use of alcohol or other drugs,” the American Psychological Association notes.
Dependency can look different from person to person and doesn’t necessarily occur at any specific stage.1 Some people might become dependent after a few weeks, but others may develop a dependency months after taking a sleeping pill (many people may need benzodiazepines or z-drugs long-term).
Still, that doesn’t mean all people who take sleeping pills will develop a dependency. Many people take sleeping pills safely, but you should always be aware of potential signs of dependency or drug addiction3, including:
- Problems at work or school, including poor performance
- Loss of energy or motivation
- Obsessing about the next dose
- Experiencing withdrawal symptoms when unable to take the drug
- Compulsively taking the drug or being unable to stop taking it
How to Stop Taking Sleeping Pills
If you’ve “gotten used to” or feel dependent on a sleeping pill, it may be wise to stop taking sleeping pills. Breaking a dependency can be physically and mentally challenging, which is why you should never stop taking sleeping pills on your own.1 Instead, you should work with a doctor to slowly reduce your sleeping pill dose, known as “tapering,” or to get off of it completely.
Cognitive behavioral therapy can also be helpful if you’re trying to get off of sleeping pills.1 Since tapering a sleeping pill dose can take time, you will likely need extra support as your brain and body go through the transition.
How Long Do Sleeping Pills Stay in Your System?
Ambien®4 is a well-known brand of zolpidem, a type of z-drug to treat insomnia, and it begins working after 30 minutes, reaching its full effect after 1-2.5 hours.
According to the American Addiction Centers, pills for sleep can be detected in the urine 24-48 hours after use and 6-20 hours in the bloodstream. However, higher doses can be found in urine for up to 72 hours and 48 hours in the blood.4
What Is Sleeping Pill Withdrawal?
When you’re addicted to sleeping pills, your body has become accustomed to them. Therefore, when you quit using them, this detoxification period can lead to withdrawal symptoms that are both physically and psychologically difficult.
Learn More: Addiction and Sleep
How Long Do Withdrawal Symptoms Last?
Sleeping pill withdrawal symptoms may be challenging, but it’s important to remember that withdrawal is only temporary. Here’s what you can expect if you go through withdrawal symptoms5 (though these timelines can vary).
|# of Days
|Feelings of confusion, changes in mood, memory loss, anxiety, or feelings of fear.
|Difficulty sleeping, anxiety, drug cravings, sweating, increased heart rate, or tremors.
|Anxiety, panic attacks, or depression.
|18 Days and More
|A general fading of symptoms, though depression and drug cravings may last for several weeks to several months.
How to Improve Sleep Without Prescription Pills
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Cognitive behavioral therapy6 is a structured and goal-oriented type of talk therapy. It can be used to help manage a variety of mental health conditions, like anxiety or depression, or to help people get off of sleeping pills.1
Studies show that cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT, can produce results that are equivalent to sleeping pills7 with no side effects, fewer episodes of relapse, and a tendency for sleep to continue to improve long-term.
Cognitive behavioral therapy is commonly used to manage or treat insomnia. People with chronic insomnia who underwent CBT saw a 10 percent improvement in sleep efficiency, or how easy it is to fall asleep.7
Don’t Eat Too Much Before Bed
Having a large meal shortly before your bedtime may cause discomfort that keeps you up at night. However, if you are hungry, eat a light snack instead.
Avoid Caffeine and Alcohol
Reducing your caffeine intake, especially before bed, should help you get some shuteye. Additionally, you should steer clear of alcohol. While it may initially make you drowsy, research8 shows alcohol could lead to poor, disrupted rest.
Smoking can be detrimental to your health in a variety of ways, including your slumber. According to Henry Ford Health9, the nicotine in cigarettes can disrupt your sleep because it is a stimulant that could make you feel less tired. Additionally, smoking increases your risk of developing other disorders such as sleep apnea.9
Find Ways to Relax at Night
To help calm your mind, establish a nightly routine that helps you wind down. This might include drinking some chamomile tea, meditating, reading a book, or stretching.
Need help? Check out these bedtime rituals to help you relax.
Create a Good Sleep Space
Your bedroom should also be a place that helps foster sleep. For optimal rest, try to keep it quiet, dark, and cool.
Additionally, make sure your mattress and bedding materials are benefiting you and your needs. For instance, not getting enough back support from your mattress could leave you tossing and turning.
Need help? Check out our guide on how to choose a mattress.
Getting regular exercise can be a great way to boost sleep naturally. While researchers don’t fully understand exactly why or how exercise improves sleep10, physical activity has been found to increase the amount of slow-wave sleep you get, or the deepest form of sleep where your brain and body rest.
Exercise can also help stabilize your mood and relieve stress, both of which can contribute to better sleep all around.8
Stick to a Sleep Schedule
Keeping a consistent bedtime and wake-up time during the week and weekend should also help train your body to fall asleep more easily.
Cut Off Electronics Before Bed
Scrolling through social media on your phone or working on your laptop late in the evening can make it harder to doze off. This is because these tech devices emit a blue light11 that reduces melatonin production.
Melatonin is a natural sleep-inducing hormone that’s part of your body’s 24-hour cycle. Production usually increases at night, but electronics can confuse the body, leaving you more alert instead.
Consider a Natural Sleep Aid
More research has shown that natural sleep aids can be effective at helping you sleep more soundly.
Explore our picks for:
- Best Melatonin for Sleep
- Best Magnesium for Sleep
- Best CBD Oil for Sleep
- Tart Cheery Juice for Sleep
Frequently Asked Questions
What is rebound insomnia?
According to the Addiction Center, rebound insomnia refers to when you discontinue the use of sleep medications, and your insomnia becomes worse than it initially was.5 They say rebound insomnia can last anywhere from several days to a few weeks.
Are sleeping pills addictive?
Certain classes of sleeping pills, such as benzodiazepines and z-drugs, have the potential to become addictive. Still, not everyone will become addicted to these types of sleeping pills. While the exact number of people addicted to sleeping pills isn’t known, a 2021 estimate12 found that nearly one in three adults had either a substance use disorder or mental illness in the past year.
Is it bad to take a sleeping pill every night?
Doctors often recommend using sleeping pills short-term to reduce the risk of dependency, but many people may need sleeping pills long-term or even indefinitely for more serious sleep disorders.1
In those cases, taking a sleeping pill every night may be necessary, but if you’re using sleeping pills short-term, you can try taking a sleeping pill every other night or simply as needed.
What are non-addictive sleeping pills?
Most over-the-counter13 and natural sleep aids (like melatonin) aren’t habit-forming. They also tend to have fewer side effects than prescription sleeping pills.
How long does it take to get off sleeping pills?
The Addiction Center reports that it can take 18 days or longer to recover from most withdrawal symptoms. However, depression and drug cravings could last for several months.5
Where should I get treatment for a sleeping pill addiction?
Experts recommend seeking treatment with an inpatient or outpatient center, as these have the highest rate of success.5 Most importantly, though, do not be afraid to get help if you or someone you know is struggling with addiction.
Jill Zwarensteyn is the Editor for Sleep Advisor and a Certified Sleep Science Coach. She is enthusiastic about providing helpful and engaging information on all things sleep and wellness.
- “Using medication: what can help when trying to stop taking sleeping pills and sedatives?” National Library of Medicine. 2010.
- “Substance use, abuse, and addiction”. American Psychological Association. Webpage accessed January 24, 2024.
- “Signs and symptoms of addiction (physical and mental)”. American Addiction Centers. Last modified July 27, 2023.
- Wagener, Dan. “How Long Does Ambien Stay in Your System?”. American Addiction Centers. Last modified January 3, 204.
- “Sleeping pill withdrawal and detox”. Addiction Center. Last modified January 10, 2024.
- “Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)”. Cleveland Clinic. Last modified August 4, 2022.
- Rossman PhD, Jeffrey. “Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia: an effective and underutilized treatment for insomnia”. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2019.
- Stein MD, Michael D., Friedmann MD, Peter D. “Disturbed Sleep and Its Relationship to Alcohol Use”. National Library of Medicine. 2005.
- “The Link Between Sleep And Nicotine”. Henry Ford Health. 2018.
- “Exercising for better sleep”. John Hopkins Medicine. Webpage accessed January 24, 2024.
- “Blue light has a dark side”. Harvard Health Publishing. 2020.
- “SAMHSA announces national survey on drug use and health (NSDUH) results detailing mental illness and substance use levels in 2021”. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. 2023.
- “Are drugstore sleep aids safe?” Harvard Health Publishing. 2021.