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For most individuals, going to bed at night is a reward. You get to crawl under the covers, relax, and enjoy some peaceful shuteye.
However, for those living with somniphobia – or the fear of going to sleep – the idea of rest is terrifying.
Their reasons for experiencing sleep anxiety can vary.
Furthermore, it is necessary to understand that these fears can carry a significant health risk, as sleep is critical for our physical and mental health.
Whether you or someone you know is experiencing this condition, we will cover tips on how to overcome sleep dread.
As mentioned above, this term refers to a phobia in which an individual has a fear of falling asleep. In addition to somniphobia, other names for this condition include hypnophobia, clinophobia, and sleep anxiety.
When someone is terrified of sleep, they may struggle to doze off despite being tired, or if they do manage to get some shuteye, their rest is fragmented and of poor quality.
Disclaimer: We want to warn you that some of these topics could be bothersome for individuals with somniphobia. However, you can click on this link to jump directly down to treatment options for sleep anxiety.
There are different reasons why someone may experience paranoia at night. Most experts say this phobia isn’t of sleep itself but rather what the individual fears could happen while resting.
According to Priory Group, a person diagnosed with an anxiety disorder may have a general fear around sleep and nighttime. They add that people have fewer distractions at night than during the day, which can increase anxiousness.
Read More: Anxiety and Sleep
Sleep paralysis is when you wake up in the middle of the night but cannot move; your mind is awake, but your body is still at rest. Although health experts emphasize that these episodes are harmless, they can be frightening for people experiencing sleep paralysis. As you can imagine, this could cause someone to develop sleep anxiety and to become fearful of falling asleep again.
Want to read more? Check out our complete guide for sleep paralysis.
Most people speak nonsense and gibberish when they talk during the night. However, if you’re harboring a secret or feel worried about what you might say when you’re unconscious, it may lead to a phobia.
Read More: Why Do People Talk in Their Sleep
Watching a scary film could cause your mind to race with potential dangers that could happen during the night. These fears might range from monsters to more real-world scenarios like burglaries.
Some people can become afraid of sleeping after a traumatic incident like the death of a loved one, a physical attack, or any other type of experience that results in PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder).
Not getting enough rest due to this sleep disorder can impact your cognitive abilities, including memory loss. During rest periods, the brain uses this downtime to learn, process information, and consolidate memories. When deprived of these hours, the brain’s ability to hang on to memories becomes compromised.
In the event you notice sleep anxiety is significantly impacting your well-being, you should seek professional help and consider talking with your physician about the issue. A medical doctor can help diagnose your condition and recommend a course of treatment such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) or medications.
A therapist can also help individuals dealing with somniphobia, and some medical doctors may recommend therapy as an initial form of treatment before prescribing any medications. According to Sleep Health Solutions, exposure therapy, relaxation techniques, and cognitive behavioral therapy are forms of treatment for sleep anxiety.
In addition to seeking out guidance from a healthcare professional, there are also ways to help manage your fears on your own.
According to Priory Group, experts advise staying away from unhealthy coping strategies such as alcohol or drugs to help you sleep. Not only could these negative habits jeopardize your health further, but they only provide a short-term solution.
You may also consider using a journal to document your sleep. Journaling is known to help with anxiety and stress by providing a healthy outlet.
You can write down your thoughts and feelings, how you slept, and what factors make your anxiety worse or better. This could help you have a better understanding of your phobia and how to manage it.
While you may be self-conscious or feel isolated with this phobia, it’s important to remember that you are not alone. There are others who struggle with sleep anxiety as well, and though you may be concerned about opening up about your condition, a trusted friend or family member can be a great source of support.
Nighttime fears could certainly make you scared of sleeping by yourself. Additionally, if you are used to lying beside a partner, this could trigger distress when you suddenly have to go to sleep alone. This is similar to when someone has trouble sleeping in a new location, also known as the “First-Night Effect” in which one half of the brain rests while the other remains alert.
Both children and adults can experience sleep anxiety. However, with kids, they may be scared of thing such as the dark or imaginary monsters. In this case, experts say parents can help by not building up fears, introducing a night light, avoiding scary tv shows or movies, or providing a comfort object such as a blanket or stuffed toy.