Animation of a Young Man Struggling To Fall Asleep

Got Insomnia?
10 Interesting Facts About Being Unable to Sleep

It’s around 2 or 3 in the morning, isn’t it? You’re still up tossing and turning, so the first thing you do is pull out your phone, and Google “can’t sleep”. You click on a page about insomnia and find the symptoms:




  • waking up in the middle of the night,



  • sleep less than planned,



  • depression,



  • decreased performance,



  • forgetfulness,



  • and the list goes on.

Maybe this is you, maybe it's not. But either way, here is some quick advice. Turn off your phone, get a cold drink of water, maybe take a quick stroll around the block, and go back to bed.

The blue light from your device is only keeping you up. You can finish this article tomorrow, and please do! It might have some useful information for you. But get some rest, you deserve it!

Now, if you're still reading, hopefully, you picked this article up during the day, or you ignored me. Which is fine, you don’t know me. Either way, here are 10 facts that you may not have known.

01

There are two types of insomnia.

Acute and chronic insomnia are the two most common types of insomnia that patients are diagnosed with.

Acute vs Chronic Insomnia Illustration
“Acute insomnia is common and often is brought on by situations such as stress at work, family pressures, or a traumatic event. Acute insomnia lasts for days or weeks. Chronic insomnia lasts for a month or longer. Most cases of chronic insomnia are secondary, which means they are the symptom or side effect of some other problem.” — National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [1]
02

The statistics might surprise you.

Insomnia is the most common sleeping disorder. This is how many people suffer from the disorder.

30 Percent of People that Suffer from Insomnia

“About 30% of all adults complain of occasional insomnia and 10% of chronic insomnia, of whom 40% may have a psychiatric illness.” — Dr. Sahoo Saddichha [2]

95% of Americans say they have insomnia at some point in their life.” — Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA [3]

03

It is twice as common in women.

Women are twice as likely to suffer when compared to men. Experts say that a variety of hormones likely play a role in poor sleep quality. Here are some other statistics relating to women’s health and sleeplessness that are noteworthy.

“Pregnant women are significantly more likely than women, in general, to experience any symptom of insomnia at least a few nights a week (84% vs. 67%).” — The National Sleep Foundation 2007 Women and Sleep Poll. [4]

Illustration of a Pregnant Woman Sleeping

“Insomnia occurs in 40–50% of women during the menopausal transition.” — Dr. Pronob K. Dalal [5]

04

No one is too young to be affected.

Children and teens potentially need more rest than anyone. This disorder can be troubling for them as well as their parents.

“Approximately 25% of children experience difficulties with some aspect of sleep.” — Jennifer Vrien, Ph.D. and Penny Corkum Ph.D [6]

Illustration Of a Little Girl Suffering from Insomnia

“Insomnia symptoms during adolescence were a significant risk factor for depression diagnosis in young adulthood…” — Brandy M. Roane, MS and Daniel J. Taylor, PhD [7]

“Children sleep more poorly if their mothers suffer from insomnia symptoms – potentially affecting their mental wellbeing and development.” — Dr. Sakari Lemola [8]

05

Substance abuse and the ability to snooze are strongly linked.

There is a strong link between sleeplessness and certain substances like caffeine, alcohol, and even nicotine. These have causation that can run both ways. Example, this disorder can cause addiction versus the addiction causing restless nights.

Binge drinkers have 35% higher chances of insomnia than non-binge drinkers. — John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health [9]

“A moderate dose of caffeine at bedtime, 3 hours prior to bedtime, or 6 hours prior to bedtime each have significant effects on sleep disturbance…” — Medical Professionals from Sleep Disorders & Research Center, Henry Ford Hospital [10]

Young Woman Drinking Late Night Coffee Illustration

“Compared with nonsmokers, heavy/continuous smokers had a significantly higher likelihood of insomnia.” — Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine [11]

06

It gets worse as you age.

As adults continue to get older, they often struggle to get the shut-eye they need. A National Sleep Foundation report found that 39% of elderly people report having a hard time falling asleep.

Elderly Man Can't Sleep Illustration

“It can be harder for men and women ages 65+ years to stay asleep throughout the night.” — The National Sleep Foundation [12]

07

Insomnia puts you at risk for mental disorders and vice versa.

Research shows that sleep deprivation in some form is present among most psychiatric disorders. The question remains for many suffering with these conditions, which came first, sleeplessness or the psychiatric disorder?

65% to 90% of adult patients with major depression, and about 90% of children with this disorder, experience some kind of sleep problem.” — Harvard Health Publishing [13]

Illustration of Man Having a Panic Attack

“People with insomnia were 20 times more likely to develop a panic disorder (a type of anxiety disorder).” — Harvard Medical [13]

08

Sleeplessness costs the economy billions every year.

Sleep deprivation takes a heavy toll on the economy. Research shows that getting less than 8 hours of rest per night takes a large chunk of money from workers and employers alike.

“Insomnia is costing the average U.S. worker 11.3 days, or $2,280 in lost productivity every year. “ — American Academy of Sleep Medicine [14]

As a nation, the total (insomnia) cost is 252.7 days and $63.2 billion.” — American Academy of Sleep Medicine [14]

Blue collar laborers are 2x more likely to face insomnia. These findings become even more severe for people who work the night shift. [15], [16]

Illustration of a Construction Workers
09

Not getting enough rest can kill you.

Both sad and scary, but severe conditions can lead to death, so if this sounds like you: listen up!

“In 2010, hypnotics (sleep medication) may have been associated with 320,000 to 507,000 excess deaths in the USA alone.” — Daniel F Kripke, M.D.; Robert D Langer, M.D; Lawrence E Kline, M.D. [17]

In the ’80s, a 53-year-old man who had progressive insomnia was put into a coma after 9 months of symptoms. He died shortly after. — The New England Journal of Medicine [18]

“Persistent insomnia linked to 58% higher risk of death.” — Catharine Paddock Ph.D. [19]

Link Between Chronic Insomnia and Death Risk Chart
10

You can blame your parents for your bedtime woes.

You can’t blame your parents for everything not going well in your life, but this one might be partly their fault. Research shows your ancestors may have passed their restless nights onto you. Here’s how.

Happy Family Illustration

Two separate studies conclude that over one-third of insomnia cases have a family history of sleep disturbances. — Medical Experts from Université Laval in Québec, Canada [20]

Scientist have found 7 genes associated with insomnia. — Researchers from Vrije Universiteit (VU) in Amsterdam in the Netherlands [21]

Conclusion

Oh sleep, Oh gentle sleep,

Nature's soft nurse How have I frighted thee?

That though no more will weigh mine eyelids down

And sleep my senses in forgetfulness?

Henry IV, William Shakespeare

Acute and chronic cases of sleeplessness can be a serious issue for so many people. It can take a heavy toll, leaving a serious impact on performance and your life in general. If you think your problem may be chronic, consult your doctor to begin your path to recovery. Hopefully, you can find the rest you need and deserve.

[1] Insomnia, National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute


[2] Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Insomnia, National Center for Biotechnology Information


[3] Insomnia, Medscape


[4] Summary of Findings, National Sleep Foundation


[5] Postmenopausal Syndrome, National Center for Biotechnology Information


[6] Clinical Management of Behavioral Insomnia of Childhood, National Center for Biotechnology Information


[10] Caffeine Effects on Sleep Taken 0, 3, or 6 Hours before Going to Bed, National Center for Biotechnology Information


[12] Insomnia & Older Adults, National Sleep Foundation


[13] Sleep and Mental Health, Harvard Health Publishing – Harvard Medical School



[16] Sleep Loss and Fatigue in Shift Work and Shift Work Disorder, National Center for Biotechnology Information




[20] Family History of Insomnia in a Population-Based Sample, National Center for Biotechnology Information

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The Sleep Advisor